Champleve is a beautiful technique used in enameling where you create recessed compartments or cells, in metal to receive enamels. These recessions can be achieved several ways. One, remove metal by graving out an area using gravers or chisels, in any metals of enameling. A second option is the use acid, which has been popular in the past few years. ferric nitrate works on copper, sulfuric acid on fine silver or sterling silver, to achieve a cell to enamel in.
You place a resist on the areas you do not want the acid to removed such as asphaltum varnish, applied with a paint brush. Now you are ready to float the jewel in the acid. It is rather slow maybe 24 hours to remove the desired depth of metal.
Coral from Enamel Works Supply as a great book out on etching metal for Champleve.
Relief Etching for Jewelers and Enamelists here is the link to her site,
Engraving takes some time to learn and the acids are a nice thing to avoid. My choice is to create a jewel in the Champleve technique using two plates of metal one for the bottom or foundation and one for the top to create an edge. The easiest metal in my opinion is fine silver. And fuse them together. This process is also used in granulation buy adding copper to one of the sheets of metal.
The ring will act as a stop for the enamels, also creating the recession or cell to create champleve. In the first image one part of the fine silver is plated with copper. The second image shows the pieces of fine silver fused together. You can use a torch or kiln.
The third image here I have soldered on a bail with hard sliver solder. And after graving out the background to add some sparkle , I laid in two thin layers of enamel, and polished.
Sharing The Beautiful art of Enameling Patsy Croft
Champlevé is an enamelling technique made by the process, in which cells are carved into the surface of a metal object, and filled with vitreous enamel. The recessions in metal is then fired until the enamel fills the cell, after cooling the surface of the object is polished. The uncarved portions of the original surface remain visible as a frame for the enamel designs.
There are several ways to achieve the technique of Champleve. And as most enameling projects the metals used are commonly copper, brass, gold, and silver. Each has the same properties of enameling as in any other enameling technique, it is just the preparation of the metal that is different. One can carve or grave out the recessions. Without engraving skills an enamelist can apply asphaltum varnish to the metal that is designed to be left as the positive space. And place the metal of copper and sterling silver or fine silver in sulfuric acid and the acid will slowly remove the un-wanted metal. Leaving a recession to place enamels.
Some enamelist use the process of depleting two sheets of sterling silver with the use of heating to 800 degrees and dipping in a pickle bath, repeated time to create a fine silver surface. This allows the artist to fuse the two sheets together. The top sheet prior to fusing is saw pierced out in a desired design. Again the negative space is left to enamel.
Here are a couple of excellent samples of champleve enamelist!
Gesine Garz’s Champleve work from Germany
I just had a look at your website. Great stuff! I like your work too!
Here is a bit about myself and my work, you can also see some of it on the British Society of Enamellers website: http://www.enamellers.org/garz.html
For the last 15 years, I have trained and worked as a jeweller in London, UK and I am still constantly seeking to improve my skills and broaden my knowledge. I studied jewellery making and enamelling at the Sir John Cass School of Art and Design in London, where I was fortunate enough to be taught by a number of extremely experienced and skilled crafts people, which was a fantastic experience and inspired me to progress in this field.
I specialised in enamelling and was accepted as a full member of the British Society of Enamellers in 2005. My work has been on show and for sale in a number of exhibitions in the UK and Germany.
I currently teach at a Jewellery Academy in Hatton Garden, London’s Jeweller’s Quarter.
To me, enamelling is one of the most beautiful kinds of jewellery decoration. I find it fascinating how layers of fired glass can create intensity of colour and depth to a degree which otherwise can only be achieved by gemstones.
Figurative subjects inspire me. I try to get close to the appearance of the real object in shape and colour but sometimes also take it one step further to give my pieces a certain twist.
In terms of techniques, I like making use of the possibilities of photo etching and cloisonne, as it allows me to create very intricate areas on which to apply the enamel.
Many of my pieces incorporate Champlevé, because the light reflection from an engraved background enhances transparent enamel colours beautifully and makes them shine.
Fusion and Reticulation
I love using the techniques of fusion and reticulation in my work, especially together with enamels. This brings out the contrast between the bright, colourful and accurate enamel work and the dark, more random and “dug-up” look of the fused silver.
I often use scrap pieces of metal for my fusion projects and create new shapes. It sometimes takes a while until I find the right enamel pieces to go with a particular fused setting. I like to oxidise and partly polish the fused/reticulated surfaces as it brings out their uneven texture really well.
I hope what I’ve written is useful for your website. I’ll attach a few larger size pictures too.
Sandra McEwen’s Work
I’d love to be one of your featured artist. I’m attaching a couple of images- feel free to pick the one you like best.
As far as technique goes, I’m happy to share. I understand that some
artists want to keep their processes to themselves, but I believe that open
dialogue between artists can be very rewarding for all involved. And,
honestly, the secret to my fusing technique is pure practice. After you’ve
fused about a hundred things, believe me, you’ll have figured it out. So
I’m more than happy to answer any questions you or your students might have.
Let me know if you need anything else…
Ps. Do include a link to my blog as well: http://www.sandramcewen.blogspot.com